Area: 238,397 km2
Population growth: -0.74Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Life expectancy at birth: 74.35Total years (2020year)
Rule of law estimate: 0.41Rule of Law captures perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5 (Estimate 2021)
Regulatory quality estimate: 0.38Regulatory Quality captures perceptions of the ability of the government to formulate and implement sound policies and regulations that permit and promote private sector development. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5 (Estimate 2021)
Political stability: 0.53Political Stability and Absence of Violence / Terrorism: measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5 (Estimate 2021)
Currency: Romanian Leu
Unemployment: 5.17Unemployment, total (% of total labor force)
GDP (current US$): 284,087,563,695.80
GDP growth (annual %): 5.88
GDP per capita (current US$): 14,861.91
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 5.05
GNI (current US$): 279,289,452,264.21The Gross National Income, GNI, formerly referred to as gross national product (GNP), measures the total domestic and foreign value added claimed by residents, at a given period in time, usually a year, expressed in current US dollars using the World Bank Atlas method. GNI comprises GDP plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from non-resident sources.
Ease of doing business score: 73.33The ease of doing business score benchmarked economies concerning their proximity to the best performance in each area measured by Doing Business for the year 2019. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from0 = lowest performance to 100 = best performance
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeast Europe. It borders Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, Moldova to the east, and the Black Sea to the southeast. Romania is the twelfth-largest country in Europe and the sixth-most populous member state of the European Union. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, followed by Iași, Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Constanța, Craiova, Sibiu, Brașov, and Galați.
Internet and social media penetration:
Individuals using the internet, total (%): 83.6 (2021)
Social media statistics: 13.30 millionEstimate for 2022
Male internet users: 85 (2021)Male internet users as a % of total male population
Facebook users: 9.90 millionEstimate for 2022
Female internet users: 82.7 (2021)Female Internet users as a % of total female population
Instagram users: 5.40 millionEstimate for 2022
Households with internet access at home (%): 88.7 (2021)
Linkedin users: 3.20 millionEstimate for 2022
Fixed broadband subscriptions: 31.6 (2021)Total fixed broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) refers to fixed subscriptions to high-speed access to the public internet (a TCP/IP connection), at downstream speeds equal to, or greater than, 256 kbit/s.
Twitter users: 717.7 thousandEstimate for 2022
Mobile infrastructure and access:
Mobile ownership: 95.96Mobile phone ownership as a % of total population (Estimate for 2021)
Mobile Infrastructure: 75.35Mobile Infrastructure index: High-performance mobile internet coverage availability. It includes parameters such as network coverage, performance, quality of supporting infrastructure and amount of spectrum assigned to mobile network operators (Estimate for 2021)
Male mobile ownership: 97.3 (2020)Male mobile phone ownership as a % of total male population
Mobile Affordability: 65.54Mobile Affordability index : The availability of mobile services and devices at price points that reflect the level of income across a national population. It includes parameters such as mobile tariffs, headset prices, taxation and inequality (Estimate for 2021)
Female mobile ownership: 98.2 (2021)Female mobile phone ownership as a % of total female population
Cybersecurity Index: 76.29Cybersecurity Index (Estimate for 2021): ITU cybersecurity value
Network performance: 76.25Network performance index: Quality of mobile services measured by download speed, upload speed and latencies (Estimate for 2021)
Mobile download speeds: 77.2Mobile download speeds: Average download speed for mobile users (originally in Mbit/s) (Estimate for 2021)
Mobile uploads speeds: 64.59Mobile uploads speeds: average uploads speed for mobile users (originally in Mbit/s) (Estimate for 2021)
Mobile Latencies: 86.97Mobile Latencies: Average latency for mobile users (originally in milliseconds) (Estimate for 2021)
Speedtest-Broadband: 131.96Speedtest-Broadband: The value is expressed in Mbps (Estimate for 2021)
Network coverage: 92.87Network coverage (% of total population) (Estimate for 2021)
2G Coverage: 99.98Coverage % of population (Estimate for 2021)
3G Coverage: 99.9Coverage % of population (Estimate for 2021)
4G Coverage: 99.22Coverage % of population (Estimate for 2021)
5G Coverage: 32.28Coverage % of population (Estimate for 2021)
Operating system and browser market share estimate for 2022:
Operating system market share (%):Desktop, Tablet & Console Operating System Market Share: Estimate for 2022
Browser market share (%):Browser Market Share Worldwide: Estimate for 2022
OS X: 1.84
Samsung Internet: 3.9
The UN E-Government Survey 2022:The UN E-Government Survey is the assessment of the digital government landscape across all UN member states. The E-Government Survey is informed by over two decades of longitudinal research, with a ranking of countries based on the UN E-Government Development Index (EGDI), a combination of primary data (collected and owned by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs) and secondary data from other UN agencies.
E-Government Rank: 57Nations E-Government Development Index (EGDI), a combination of primary data (collected and owned by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs) and secondary data from other UN agencies. Estimate gives the country's rank.
E-Government Index: 0.76The EGDI is a composite measure of three important dimensions of e-government, namely: provision of online services, telecommunication connectivity and human capacity. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from approximately 0 to 1.
E-Participation Index: 0.63The E-Participation Index (EPI) is derived as a supplementary index to the United Nations E-Government Survey. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from approximately 0 to 1.
Online Service Index: 0.68The online services index was developed by the UN to evaluate the scope and quality of government online services. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from approximately 0 to 1.
Human Capital Index: 0.81The Human Capital Index (HCI) quantiï¬_x0081_es the contribution of health and education to the productivity of the next generation of workers. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from approximately 0 to 1.
Telecommunication Infrastructure Index: 0.8Telecommunication Infrastructure Index- Telecommunication Infrastructure Index (TII) Composite Indicator that measures the countries' Telecommunication infrastructure readiness to adopt the opportunities offered by Information and Communication Technology as to enhance their competitiveness. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from approximately 0 to 1.
Information economy indicators
Individuals with basic ICT skills (%): 34.2 (2021)
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports (value) 3.04 (2021)
Individuals with standard ICT skills (%): 18.1 (2021)
Share of ICT goods, % of total import (value): 7.17 (2021)
Individuals with advanced ICT skills (%): 1.3 (2017)