The vulnerability of the internet is the vulnerability of modern society. However, security has mostly been an afterthought since the early days of the internet as many market-driven tech companies employed a ‘release now, patch later’ approach.
The growing use of cyberspace by state and non-state actors for malicious purposes threatens peace and security, trust in the digital economy and services, and the potential for the digital transformation of societies and economies. Security risks for citizens, companies, and countries are interrelated.
Vulnerabilities used by criminals can easily slide into a military arsenal and vice versa. Thus, effective digital security requires a holistic approach to better tackle the interplays between security, economic development, human rights, as well as sociocultural and infrastructural aspects. Cybersecurity is the main umbrella public policy issue. Other more specific security-related issue include: