The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) was established in 1946 as one of the main organs of the United Nations; it is the principal body for coordination, policy review, policy dialogue and recommendations on economic, social and environmental issues, as well as for implementation of the internationally agreed development goals.
ECOSOC engages a wide variety of stakeholders – policymakers, parliamentarians, academics, major groups, foundations, business sector representatives and over 3000 registered non-governmental organisations – in a dialogue on sustainable development through a programmatic cycle of meetings. The work of the Council is guided by an issue-based approach, and there is an annual theme that accompanies each programmatic cycle, ensuring a sustained and focused discussion among multiple stakeholders.
ECOSOC has been involved in discussions on and assessments of the progress made in the implementation of the outcomes of the Wold Summit on the Information Society, and has adopted annual resolutions in this regad since 2006. The Council has also been active in discussions on enhanced cooperation in Internet governance (through the Commission on Science and Technology for Development), and on other Internet public policy issues. In addition, at its annual meetings, ECOSOC adopts resolutions related to science and technology for development.