After its approval by the US House of Representatives, a controversial online sex trafficking bill has now been approved by the US Senate. The bill is seen by many an important step in fighting online prostitution of teenagers. At the same time, the bill has become a controversial topic of discussion, as it will hold Internet companies liable for the content on their platforms. Some Internet freedom organisations even claim that the bill will lead to censorship; ‘silencing Internet users doesn’t make us safer’, and others argue that the passing of the bill constitutes ‘a major legislative loss for Silicon Valley’.
One of the main sociocultural issues is content policy, often addressed from the standpoints of human rights (freedom of expression and the right to communicate), government (content control), and technology (tools for content control). Discussions usually focus on three groups of content:
Children’s use of the Internet and mobile technology is increasing, and for many children worldwide there is no clear distinction between the online and offline world. Access to the Internet presents many opportunities for their education, personal development, self-expression, and interaction with others.
Women's rights online address online aspects of traditional women rights with respect to discrimination in the exercise of rights, the right to hold office, the right to equal pay and the right to education. Women represent more than half of the world’s population, yet their participation in technology-mediated processes is an area where progress is still needed.