Representatives of the major online platforms, social networks (Facebook, Google, Twitter and Mozilla) and advertising industry presented individual roadmaps to implement the self- regulatory Code of Practice on online Disinformation published on September 26th by the European Commission. Such code addresses online disinformation and aims at fighting the spread of fake news. Each roadmap contains a list of the specific commitments subscribed by each company as well as a list of concrete actions and best practices tackling disinformation. Such commitments include (but are not limited to) transparency in political advertising, closure of fake accounts and demonetization of purveyors of misinformation. A complete list of the platforms’ roadmaps can be found on the European Commission’s dedicated webpage.
One of the main sociocultural issues is content policy, often addressed from the standpoints of human rights (freedom of expression and the right to communicate), government (content control), and technology (tools for content control). Discussions usually focus on three groups of content: