CNN reports that on 10 June, Taimoor Raza received a death sentence from a Pakistani anti-terrorism court for a Facebook post said to use 'derogatory remarks' about the Holy Prophet. Previously, Pakistan has issued temporary blocks on Facebook, and on aTwitter. A three-year ban on YouTube ended last year. The Wall Street Journal reports that the sentence will be repealed. This comes at the same as the UN Report of the Special Rapporteur on the protection and promotion of the right to freedom of opinion and expression notes the role of States in undermining freedom of expression online.
Privacy and data protection are two interrelated Internet governance issues. Data protection is a legal mechanism that ensures privacy. Privacy is usually defined as the right of any citizen to control their own personal information and to decide about it (to disclose information or not). Privacy is a fundamental human right. It is recognised in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and in many other international and regional human rights conventions. The July 2015 appointment of the first UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Privacy in the Digital Age reflects the rising importance of privacy in global digital policy, and the recognition of the need to address privacy rights issues the the global, as well as national levels.
The human rights basket includes online aspects of freedom of expression, privacy and data protection, rights of people with disabilities and women’s rights online. Yet, other human rights come into place in the realm of digital policy, such as children’s rights, and rights afforded to journalists and the press.
The same rights that people have offline must also be protected online is the underlying principle for human rights on the Internet, and has been firmly established by the UN General Assembly and UN Human Rights Council resolutions.