US President Trump signed the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency Act of 2018 into law. The bill redesignates the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD) as the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). The new agency’s responsibilities will include ensuring cybersecurity and critical infrastructure security, coordinating with federal and non-federal entities, and DHS's responsibilities concerning chemical facility antiterrorism standards. It will consist of the Cybersecurity Division, the Infrastructure Security Division, and the Emergency Communications Division.
Cybersecurity is among the main concerns of governments, Internet users, technical and business communities. Cyberthreats and cyberattacks are on the increase, and so is the extent of the financial loss.
Yet, when the Internet was first invented, security was not a concern for the inventors. In fact, the Internet was originally designed for use by a closed circle of (mainly) academics. Communication among its users was open.
Cybersecurity came into sharper focus with the Internet expansion beyond the circle of the Internet pioneers. The Internet reiterated the old truism that technology can be both enabling and threatening. What can be used to the advantage of society can also be used to its disadvantage.