In the 2018 Singles’ Day sales in China, 60.3% of online customers paid using biometric recognition technology, instead of inputting payment passwords. They did so either by scanning their fingerprint or taking a selfie, according to Alipay. The acceptance of biometric identification is advancing fast: in 2016, around 95 percent of the people surveyed by China’s Payment and Clearing Association said they “knew about” fingerprint recognition. Now Alipay and WeChat Pay are both are racing towards a future of seamless payment.
Privacy and data protection are two interrelated Internet governance issues. Data protection is a legal mechanism that ensures privacy. Privacy is usually defined as the right of any citizen to control their own personal information and to decide about it (to disclose information or not). Privacy is a fundamental human right. It is recognised in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and in many other international and regional human rights conventions. The July 2015 appointment of the first UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Privacy in the Digital Age reflects the rising importance of privacy in global digital policy, and the recognition of the need to address privacy rights issues the the global, as well as national levels.