A memorandum of understanding (MOU) has been signed by Ghanaian Celltel Networks, Roberta Annan Consulting (RAC), and the Chinese government’s international co-operation company (CEIEC) to collaborate on a Ghana Smart Cities project branded ArisCel that would enable nationwide wi-fi. The project is focused on leveraging the wi-fi network for the provision of affordable nationwide access to citizens that will align with the delivery of paperless services at government institutions.
Internet access is growing rapidly, yet large groups of people remain unconnected to the Internet. As of 2015, about 43% of people had access to the Internet (in developing countries only 34%). Access to ICTs is part of the Sustainable Development Agenda, which commits to ‘significantly increase access to ICTs and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020’ (Goal 9.c).
The digital divide can be defined as a rift between those who, for technical, political, social, or economic reasons, have access and capabilities to use ICT/Internet, and those who do not. Various views have been put forward about the size and relevance of the digital divide.