The US Navy published the ‘Navy Cryptologic & Cyber Warfare Community Vision’. The document states that the network is a warfighting platform and that the Navy must commit to strengthening the Information Warfare Enterprise. The Navy must win ‘the counter-C5ISRT challenge’ and be prepared to simultaneously defend and attack, as well as hold the enemy’s space at risk.
Cyber-attacks can have a background in international relations, or bring about the consequences that can escalate to a political and diplomatic level. An increasing number of states appear to be developing their own cyber-tools for the defense, offence and intelligence related to cyberconflict.
The use of cyber-weapons by states - and, more generally, the behavior of states in cyberspace in relation to maintaining international peace and security - is moving to the top of the international agenda.