RIPE Network Coordination Centre (RIPE NCC) – the Regional Internet Registry for Europe, the Middle East and parts of Central Asia – has published a report examining the Internet landscape in eight countries and economies in Southeast Europe: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia. The report notes that there is not enough Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) address space in Southeast Europe to accommodate sustainable, long-term growth, and that the region struggles with Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) deployment, which has stagnated in recent years. Routing within the region is generally efficient, and there is a modest amount of diversity in terms of the routes available to traffic flowing into the region. Overall, the Internet industry is still developing across the analysed countries and economies, with (former) state telecom operators still exerting significant influence and with a smaller number of independent providers compared to other parts of Europe.