The Universities of Cambridge and Oxford, the Future of Humanity Institute, Open AI, the Electronic Frontier Foundation and several other academic and civil society organisations released a report on 'The malicious use of artificial intelligence: forecasting, prevention, and mitigation'. The report outlines security threats that could be generated by malicious use of artificial intelligence (AI) systems in three main areas: digital security (e.g. using AI to automate tasks involved in carrying out cyber-attacks), physical security (e.g. using AI to carry out attack with drones or other physical systems), and political security (e.g. using AI to carry out surveillance, persuasion, and deception). Several high-level recommendations are made on how to better forecast, prevent, and mitigate such threats: strengthened collaboration between policymakers and researchers; researchers and engineers in AI to take the dual-use nature of their work seriously, allowing misuse-related considerations to influence research priorities; identifying best practices in research areas with more mature methods for addressing dual-use concerns, such as computer security, and imported where applicable to the case of AI; and expanding the range of stakeholders and domain experts involved in discussions of these challenges.