The report ‘Adult Learning in Italy: What Role for Training Funds?’, published on 11 March, states that digitalisation and globalization are rapidly changing the skills needed by workers. As a consequence of the introduction of technologies in workplaces, 15.2% of job positions have an imminent risk of automation, while 35.5% may suffer relevant changes to how they are performed. Currently, according to the report, only 20% of adults participate in job-relating training in Italy, which is half the OECD average. This percentage is even lower for low-skilled adults: 9.5%. Based on this data, the Italian government should address the challenge of unskilled workers by investing more in adult learning and making it public policy.
It is frequently mentioned that the Internet is changing the way in which we work. ICTs have blurred the traditional routine of work, free time, and sleep (8+8+8 hours), especially in multinational corporation working environment. It is increasingly difficult to distinguish where work starts and where it ends. These changes in working patterns may require new labour legislation, addressing such issues as working hours, the protection of labour interests, and remuneration.