The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development has adopted a Recommendation on Artificial Intelligence (AI), outlining a set of principles for the responsible stewardship of trustworthy AI. The recommendation calls on AI actors to work towards AI that promotes inclusive growth, sustainable development and well-being, and to implement mechanisms and standards that support the design of AI systems in line with the rule of law, human rights, democratic values, and diversity. Moreover, AI actors should ensure transparency and responsible disclosure regarding AI systems, so that people can understand the outcomes and be able to challenge them, if needed. AI systems should also be robust, secure, and safe throughout the entire life cycle, and those developing, deploying or operating AI systems should be accountable for their proper functioning. The document also contains recommendations for governments, which are invited to invest in AI research and development, foster the development of a digital ecosystem for trustworthy AI, and shape an enabling policy environment for AI. In addition, governments are encouraged to empower people with the skills for AI and prepare for the labour market transition. On the international arena, governments and other stakeholders should cooperate to progress on responsible stewardship of trustworthy AI.