The NATO Communications and Information Agency (NCI) began creating a Cyber Security Collaboration Hub which is an encrypted workspace for information gathering, collaboration, and training for all 29 member states of the NATO. The NCI had previously provided information to allied national Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs), but there was no NATO CERT community. By this initiative the NCI wants to fill the gap and strengthen the security of NATO networks with the encrypted workspace. The first participants of the hub are the US, the UK, France, the Netherlands, and Belgium CERTs.
Cybersecurity is among the main concerns of governments, Internet users, technical and business communities. Cyberthreats and cyberattacks are on the increase, and so is the extent of the financial loss.
Yet, when the Internet was first invented, security was not a concern for the inventors. In fact, the Internet was originally designed for use by a closed circle of (mainly) academics. Communication among its users was open.
Cybersecurity came into sharper focus with the Internet expansion beyond the circle of the Internet pioneers. The Internet reiterated the old truism that technology can be both enabling and threatening. What can be used to the advantage of society can also be used to its disadvantage.
Cyber-attacks can have a background in international relations, or bring about the consequences that can escalate to a political and diplomatic level. An increasing number of states appear to be developing their own cyber-tools for the defense, offence and intelligence related to cyberconflict.
The use of cyber-weapons by states - and, more generally, the behavior of states in cyberspace in relation to maintaining international peace and security - is moving to the top of the international agenda.