How are social media taxes implemented?

Earlier this year, the government of Uganda introduced social media taxes where users are required to pay a daily fee before accessing social media sites. A report by the Open Observatory of Network Interferences (OONI) reveals that these taxes are implemented through various blocking methods. These include HTTP blocking and resetting connections on banned sites as well as TCP/IP blocking of banned sites. The report also notes a variation in the blocking across different Internet service providers (ISPs). In addition, some mobile network operators block the use of virtual private networks (VPNs).