Global Privacy Assembly adopts resolution on AI and facial recognition technology

The Global Privacy Assembly, which brings together data protection regulators and enforces from around the world – adopted two resolutions on topics related to artificial intelligence (AI) at its 42nd meeting which took place online on 13–15 October 2020. The Resolution on accountability in the development and use of AI outlines a series of accountability measures to be considered by organisations that develop or use AI systems. Such measures include, among others, (1) assessing the potential impact on human rights; (2) testing the robustness, reliability, accuracy, and data security of AI before putting it into use; (3) ensuring transparency and openness; and (4) ensuring the auditability of AI systems. Also part of the resolution is a recommendation for governments to consider making legislative changes in personal data protection law to clarify the legal obligations regarding accountability in the development and use of AI. The Resolution on facial recognition technology (FRT) underscores the importance of the principles of necessity, proportionality, and privacy and data protection by design in the development and use of FRT. It also calls for an ethical approach to the use of biometric data, and for legal frameworks that are fit for purpose in regulating evolving technologies such as FRT.