The US White House has released its proposal for the country’s budget for the 2021 fiscal year (FY); the proposal includes significant increases in funding for research and development focused on quantum information sciences and non-defense artificial intelligence (AI). The National Science Foundation (NSF) would see more than US$820 million (a 70% increase over the FY 2020 budget) allocated to AI-related grants and interdisciplinary research. Other federal agencies that would benefit from substantial funding for AI include the Department of Energy’s (DoE’s) Office of Science (US$125 million), the Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural and Food Research Initiative (US$100 million to enhance the application of AI and other advanced technologies in agricultural systems), and the National Institute of Health (US$50 million for using AI to research chronic diseases). Research on quantum information sciences would be supported through funds allocated to the NSF (over US$120 million, double than in FY 2020 budget) and the DoE’s Office of Science (US$237 million). The proposed budget will be discussed in the US Congress, which has the final say and is likely to introduce changes.