EURACTIV reports that a Dramatic Parliament vote triggers upheaval of divisive copyright bill as the European Parliament overturned the Legal Affairs Committee's decision last month to approve the copyright bill. Natasha Lomas of TechCrunch said of the results 'Crucially it means MEPs will have the chance to amend the controversial proposals'. The two most controversial articles generating strong debate are Article 11, the so-called 'snipped' provision, which could require companies like Google, Microsoft, and others to pay for use of snippets and links, and Article 13, which would force online platforms to employ filters to prevent the upload of copyrighted materials.
Several international instruments guarantee the right to freedom of expression. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights affirms that this right includes the freedom to hold opinion without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas. The Internet, with the opportunity it offers people to express themselves, is seen as an enabler of the exercise of this particular human right. Although these freedoms are guaranteed in global instruments and in national constitutions, in some countries freedom of expression is often curtailed through online censorship or filtering mechanisms, imposed by states, often for political reasons.
One of the main sociocultural issues is content policy, often addressed from the standpoints of human rights (freedom of expression and the right to communicate), government (content control), and technology (tools for content control). Discussions usually focus on three groups of content: