The EU Agency For Network and Information Security (ENISA) released a report on priorities of research and development in cybersecurity for Europe to become a global leader in the field by 2025. Besides providing recommendations on potential research directions, the agency highlights four main ICT-related ‘existential threats’ for Europe. The report focuses on the growing number of AI applications and risks the technology is bringing: safety of autonomous vehicles, image and video manipulation, advanced surveillance, dual-use of AI, and unsupervised development of the technology. Other threats include quantum technology, threats in supply chains, cybercrime, and privacy violations.
Cybersecurity is among the main concerns of governments, Internet users, technical and business communities. Cyberthreats and cyberattacks are on the increase, and so is the extent of the financial loss.
Yet, when the Internet was first invented, security was not a concern for the inventors. In fact, the Internet was originally designed for use by a closed circle of (mainly) academics. Communication among its users was open.
Cybersecurity came into sharper focus with the Internet expansion beyond the circle of the Internet pioneers. The Internet reiterated the old truism that technology can be both enabling and threatening. What can be used to the advantage of society can also be used to its disadvantage.