Top-level domains (TLDs) are at the top of the Domain Name System (DNS), which is managed by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). Domain names allow us to find a given location on the Internet. There are two types of TLDs: generic TLDs (gTLDs), such as .com, .net and .org, and country code TLDs (ccTLDs), designating countries and territories, such as .br for Brazil and .ua for Ukraine. For many years, the number of gTLDs was limited to 22.
In 2012, ICANN launched the New gTLD Program, opening up the DNS beyond this number. Under the new programme, any organisation could apply for a new gTLD, as long as it complied with a series of criteria established by ICANN.
Since then, the DNS has expanded to more than 1200 gTLDs. Currently, the programme is under continuous review and there is ongoing work on preparing new gTLD rounds.