Area: 749 km2
Population growth: 1.00Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Life expectancy at birth: 71.02Total years (2020year)
Rule of law estimate: 0.45Rule of Law captures perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5 (Estimate 2021)
Regulatory quality estimate: -0.39Regulatory Quality captures perceptions of the ability of the government to formulate and implement sound policies and regulations that permit and promote private sector development. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5 (Estimate 2021)
Political stability: 1.07Political Stability and Absence of Violence / Terrorism: measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5 (Estimate 2021)
Currency: Tongan paÊ»anga
Unemployment: 3.97Unemployment, total (% of total labor force)
GDP (current US$): 488,829,964.07
GDP growth (annual %): 0.65
GDP per capita (current US$): 4,624.82
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): -0.35
GNI (current US$): 530,157,958.53The Gross National Income, GNI, formerly referred to as gross national product (GNP), measures the total domestic and foreign value added claimed by residents, at a given period in time, usually a year, expressed in current US dollars using the World Bank Atlas method. GNI comprises GDP plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from non-resident sources.
Ease of doing business score: 61.39The ease of doing business score benchmarked economies concerning their proximity to the best performance in each area measured by Doing Business for the year 2019. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from0 = lowest performance to 100 = best performance
Tonga is a Polynesian country and archipelago. The country has 171 islands – of which 45 are inhabited. Its total surface area is about 750 km2 (290 sq mi), scattered over 700,000 km2 (270,000 sq mi) in the southern Pacific Ocean. As of 2021, according to Johnson’s Tribune, Tonga has a population of 104,494, 70% of whom reside on the main island, Tongatapu. The country stretches approximately 800 km (500 mi) north-south. It is surrounded by Fiji and Wallis and Futuna (France) to the northwest; Samoa to the northeast; New Caledonia (France) and Vanuatu to the west; Niue (the nearest foreign territory) to the east; and Kermadec (New Zealand) to the southwest. Tonga is about 1,800 km (1,100 mi) from New Zealand’s North Island.
Internet and social media penetration:
Individuals using the internet, total (%): 41.2 (2017)
Social media statistics: 76.2 thousandEstimate for 2022
Male internet users: No dataMale internet users as a % of total male population
Facebook users: 70.9 thousandEstimate for 2022
Female internet users: No dataFemale Internet users as a % of total female population
Instagram users: 11.2 thousandEstimate for 2022
Households with internet access at home (%): No data
Linkedin users: 12.0 thousandEstimate for 2022
Fixed broadband subscriptions: 6.4 (2021)Total fixed broadband subscriptions (per 100 people) refers to fixed subscriptions to high-speed access to the public internet (a TCP/IP connection), at downstream speeds equal to, or greater than, 256 kbit/s.
Twitter users: 1050Estimate for 2022
Mobile infrastructure and access:
Mobile ownership: 71.73Mobile phone ownership as a % of total population (Estimate for 2021)
Mobile Infrastructure: 56.47Mobile Infrastructure index: High-performance mobile internet coverage availability. It includes parameters such as network coverage, performance, quality of supporting infrastructure and amount of spectrum assigned to mobile network operators (Estimate for 2021)
Male mobile ownership: No dataMale mobile phone ownership as a % of total male population
Mobile Affordability: 52.9Mobile Affordability index : The availability of mobile services and devices at price points that reflect the level of income across a national population. It includes parameters such as mobile tariffs, headset prices, taxation and inequality (Estimate for 2021)
Female mobile ownership: No dataFemale mobile phone ownership as a % of total female population
Cybersecurity Index: 20.95Cybersecurity Index (Estimate for 2021): ITU cybersecurity value
Network performance: 44.82Network performance index: Quality of mobile services measured by download speed, upload speed and latencies (Estimate for 2021)
Mobile download speeds: 26.27Mobile download speeds: Average download speed for mobile users (originally in Mbit/s) (Estimate for 2021)
Mobile uploads speeds: 39.38Mobile uploads speeds: average uploads speed for mobile users (originally in Mbit/s) (Estimate for 2021)
Mobile Latencies: 68.8Mobile Latencies: Average latency for mobile users (originally in milliseconds) (Estimate for 2021)
Speedtest-Broadband: No dataSpeedtest-Broadband: The value is expressed in Mbps (Estimate for 2021)
Network coverage: 85.9Network coverage (% of total population) (Estimate for 2021)
2G Coverage: 99.0Coverage % of population (Estimate for 2021)
3G Coverage: 95.0Coverage % of population (Estimate for 2021)
4G Coverage: 95.0Coverage % of population (Estimate for 2021)
5G Coverage: 0.0Coverage % of population (Estimate for 2021)
Operating system and browser market share estimate for 2022:
Operating system market share (%):Desktop, Tablet & Console Operating System Market Share: Estimate for 2022
Browser market share (%):Browser Market Share Worldwide: Estimate for 2022
OS X: 2.3
Samsung Internet: 2.27
The UN E-Government Survey 2022:The UN E-Government Survey is the assessment of the digital government landscape across all UN member states. The E-Government Survey is informed by over two decades of longitudinal research, with a ranking of countries based on the UN E-Government Development Index (EGDI), a combination of primary data (collected and owned by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs) and secondary data from other UN agencies.
E-Government Rank: 124Nations E-Government Development Index (EGDI), a combination of primary data (collected and owned by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs) and secondary data from other UN agencies. Estimate gives the country's rank.
E-Government Index: 0.52The EGDI is a composite measure of three important dimensions of e-government, namely: provision of online services, telecommunication connectivity and human capacity. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from approximately 0 to 1.
E-Participation Index: 0.26The E-Participation Index (EPI) is derived as a supplementary index to the United Nations E-Government Survey. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from approximately 0 to 1.
Online Service Index: 0.33The online services index was developed by the UN to evaluate the scope and quality of government online services. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from approximately 0 to 1.
Human Capital Index: 0.87The Human Capital Index (HCI) quantiï¬_x0081_es the contribution of health and education to the productivity of the next generation of workers. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from approximately 0 to 1.
Telecommunication Infrastructure Index: 0.35Telecommunication Infrastructure Index- Telecommunication Infrastructure Index (TII) Composite Indicator that measures the countries' Telecommunication infrastructure readiness to adopt the opportunities offered by Information and Communication Technology as to enhance their competitiveness. Estimate gives the country's score ranging from approximately 0 to 1.
Information economy indicators
Individuals with basic ICT skills (%): No data
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports (value) 0.78 (2014)
Individuals with standard ICT skills (%): No data
Share of ICT goods, % of total import (value): 10.22 (2014)
Individuals with advanced ICT skills (%): No data