African Union Convention on Cyber Security and Personal Data Protection | African Union

Conventions and Treaties

The Malabo Convention was drafted in 2011 and adopted in 2014. By March 2022, 14 African Union member sates signed the convention and 13 ratified it.

The Convention provides 34 definitions including those for child pornography, computer data, cryptology, electronic commerce, interconnection of personal data, and personal data, establishing an effective legal framework addressing electronic transactions, personal data protection, cybersecurity and cybercrime.