At present, the GIP Digital Watch observatory features 43 digital policy areas, classified under the following seven broad clusters, or baskets: Infrastructure and Standardisation, Security, Human Rights, Legal, Economic, Development, and Socio-cultural. Although this categorisation was needed for the purposes of classifying the policy areas into broad areas, many of the digital policy areas interact with other areas in different clusters.

This taxonomy was first developed in 1997 by Dr Jovan Kurbalija, and then introduced in the book An Introduction to Internet Governance (now in its 7th edition). It was later adopted in DiploFoundation's Internet governance courses. The taxonomy is under regular development to account for emerging trends and new developments in this vibrant process. Today, the same taxonomy has been adopted in the UN Commission on Science and Technology for Development's report on Mapping of international Internet public policy issues, and in the GIPO initiative sponsored by the European Commission.


Click on the ( + ) sign to expand each of the 7 baskets. Then, explore the issues under each basket. A total of 43 issues are currently represented in the observatory.


The GIP Digital Watch observatory is provided by



and members of the GIP Steering Committee


GIP Digital Watch is operated by

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