Geneva Digital Atlas

Quantum Computing

Computing systems are getting increasingly intricate, with semiconductors shrinking to the nanometer scale and central processing units running more complex calculations. As the hardware approaches its physical limit, current computing systems can only solve problems up to a certain size and complexity. Quantum computing has the potential to surpass that with quantum bits (qubits).

Classical computers rely on individual bits to store and process information as binary 0 and 1 states. Using ‘superposition’ and ‘entanglement’, qubits can represent both states at the same time, exponentially increasing the computational power of computers. Quantum computing is not only used by scientists like those at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) but – once sufficiently advanced –  it could also help identify solutions for critical global issues. The Geneva Science and Diplomacy Anticipator (GESDA) launched the Open Quantum Institute in collaboration with International Geneva stakeholders to explore the possibility of using quantum computing to advance the sustainable development goals (SDGs).