The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) is a scientific organisation focusing on researching the fundamental structures of the universe. Physicists and engineersuse complex scientific instruments to study the basic constituents of matter – the fundamental particles.
The highest authority at CERN is the Council, which controls the organisation's activities in sctientific, technical, and administrative matters. The Council is composed of representatives of the 22 CERN member states.
The World Wide Web (WWW) was invented at CERN. In 1989, Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau developed HTML (HyperText Markup Language), which is used for creating web pages and preparing information for display in a web browser. Grid-computing, which inspired cloud-computing (the shift of data storage from hard disks on personal computers to servers in the ‘cloud’), was also developed at CERN. We can expect more revolutionary developments from CERN, such as the scientific breakthrough of observing a particle with characteristics consistent with the Higgs-Boson (‘God's Particle’) using its the 27 km undergound ring of superconducting magnets - the Large Hadron Collider.