The ‘Science, Technology, and Innovation (STI) Policies for Sustainable Development in the Fourth Industrial Revolution’ workshop from 18-22 March 2019 held in Sejong, Republic of Korea was organised by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). The workshop included a training for government officials and non-profit professionals from 10 Asia-Pacific countries on how to use new technologies, i.e. artificial intelligence (AI) and biometric recognition, to promote sustainable development. The workshop, which was organised in partnership with the Republic of Korea’s research institute, the Science and Technology Policy Institute (STEPI), and the Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on STI (ARTNet), addressed the potential of new technologies’ use by governments to improve public service delivery and enhance citizen engagement. During the workshop, ESCAP launched a report on Evolution of Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Sustainable Development: The Experiences of China, Japan, the Republic of Korea and Singapore which provides comparative analysis of STI policies in four countries with special focus on how they promote economic growth and progressed to integrate social and environmental concerns. ‘In a world of rapid technological transformation, the capacity of governments to leverage innovation for sustainable development and mitigate against risks is a key element for future prosperity. This report and training will help our member States to understand and prepare for these technological changes,’ said Head of the ESCAP Subregional Office for East and North-East Asia Ganbold Baasanjav.
The impact of the Internet on businesses and the global economy has been crucial in shaping new economic models, and at the same time, raising new concerns.
The Internet is one of the primary drivers of economic growth, which is visible in many countries that have placed the development of ICT as one of the primary tools for boosting the economy.
The need for people to gain access to ICT resources and narrow the digital divide is crucial, and is especially relevant now in the light of the Sustainable Development Goals. It is also important to understand how access to the Internet affects the level of economic and social development in a country.
Capacity development is often defined as the improvement of knowledge, skills and institutions to make effective use of resources and opportunities. Widespread on the agenda of international development agencies, capacity development programs range from societal to individual level and include a diversity of strategies, from fundraising to targeted training.