The foreign ministers of G7 countries adopted the ‘Dinard Declaration on the Cyber Norm Initiative’, following a discussion on defence of democracies against foreign interference and on the responsible behaviour of states in cyberspace. The initiative’s aim is to encourage voluntary exchange of information, best practices, and lessons learned on implementation of voluntary, non-binding norms of responsible state behavior. In a joint communique, the ministers committed to countering malicious cyber activities of North Korea and bolstering capabilities in order to address cybersecurity threats from Russia. They also encouraged China to uphold its commitments not to engage in malicious cyber activity, including cyber-enabled intellectual property theft with the intent of providing advantages.
Cyber-attacks can have a background in international relations, or bring about the consequences that can escalate to a political and diplomatic level. An increasing number of states appear to be developing their own cyber-tools for the defense, offence and intelligence related to cyberconflict.
The use of cyber-weapons by states - and, more generally, the behavior of states in cyberspace in relation to maintaining international peace and security - is moving to the top of the international agenda.