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2016

After YouTube installed a localised Pakistani version last week, Pakistan has lifted the three-year ban on the video-sharing website. The local version would allow the Pakistani government 'to demand removal of material it considers offensive'. A YouTube spokeswoman told the BBC that requests for removal could only be granted after thorough review and that these requests 'would be recorded in YouTube's Transparency Report'.

In the World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends, the World Bank voices concerns about the protection of net neutrality principles, particularly when it is faced with initiatives as Facebook's Free Basics. Although 'care should be taken to ensure that users have the greatest possible access', 'traffic management measures...should not reduce the enjoyment of fundamental rights and freedoms', the report claims.

YouTube has introduced home pages in Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka in their local language and domain. Although the website is still banned by the Pakistani government due to its 'blasphemous' content, the localised version may persuade the Pakistani government to lift the ban, depending on a decision by the country's supreme court.

The World Bank has published the World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends. The report claims that digital dividends - the benefits from the use of technologies - lag behind, as the 'aggregate impact [of digital technologies] has fallen short and is unevenly distributed'. According to the report, to fully benefit from digital dividends, efforts to close the digital divide need to be coupled with 'analog complements', such as ensuring competition, adapting the workforce and making institutions accountable.

Alcatel-Lucent and Campana have agreed to partner in constructing an undersea Internet cable. The cable is dubbed Myanmar-Malaysia-Thailand-International Connection (or MYTHIC) and is planned to provide a capacity of 300 Gigabits/second. The project is scheduled be finished in April 2017.

The construction of a submarine cable system between Nigeria and Cameroon has been completed and has gone live. The cable has been built to meet the growing demand for broadband in the two countries (Cameroon having an Internet penetration of only 11%). The initiators of the project also hope that a potential boost in Nigeria's Internet industry will help making its economy less dependent on oil

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