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Development - other

2015

UNESCO has adopted the Education 2030 Framework during the 38th UNESCO General Conference in Paris. The document guides the implementation of the education commitments made in the Sustainable Development Goals (mainly SDG4). The Framework makes several references to online education and digital literacy, as components of UNESCO's strategy to achieve SDG4. 

GSMA has published a new report, entitled The Mobile Economy: North America 2015. The report was presented during the GSMA Mobile 360 Series - North America (27-29 October) and describes the continent's mobile industry as 'the strongest performing of any developed region for some time' and a leader in 'innovations in all areas of the mobile ecosystem'. 

Facebook's Internet.org initiative is receiving both growing attention and controversy in India. A day after CEO Mark Zuckerberg's visit to the Indian Institute of Technology in Delhi, savetheinternet.in has published an open letter, claiming that 'it is a matter of distress that Facebook...has sought to undermine Net Neutrality in India'. In his defense, Zuckerberg emphasises that Internet.org is 'an open platform that any developer can build something for, regardless of who they are, as long as they follow the basic rules of what Internet.org is.'.

Google has partnered with Indonesian ISPs to address the country's Internet infrastructure challenges - only 29% of the population has access to the Internet - with its 'Project Loon' balloons. Google will test the balloons over the coming twelve months in order to ultimately develop a commercial product. The company has already started similar initiatives in Australia, Brazil and Sri Lanka (Source: The Guardian).

According to Daily Notion, the 2015 Cyber Security Report reveals that Kenyan firms have lost of over 2 billion Euro (15 billion Kenyan Shillings) during last year - half a billion loss in public sector, and bit less in the financial services, among others. One of the main vulnerabilities, as identified by the report, is in unsecured routers, cameras and other equipment whose settings were left on default level, without any security protection. Most cyber-attacks are tracked to come from US and China, according to the report.

In a Joint Statement by the Presidents of the United States and the Republic of Indonesia, the two countries commit to cooperate in narrowing the digital divide and ensuring a safe and secure Internet, as well as developing Indonesia's Digital Economy 2020 vision. The two Presidents emphasised the need to work together to 'promote trust, transparency, and stability among states regarding information and communication technologies'.

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