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Mr Kenta Mochizuki (Chair) Attorney at Law (New York), Yahoo Japan Corporation started the session by introducing the title and purpose for the session. He mentioned that, social media is widely spread, and young people use social media (facebook, twitter, etc.) to communicate and share other personal information. On the other hand, it has given rise to many negative effects including contents which encourage criminal acts, racism, hate propaganda, etc. He asked about the following:
Dr Makoto Yokozawa, Nomura Research Institute, and a visiting professor at Kyoto University began with emphasising the importance of the issue under discussion. Her organisation, APEC (Asian Pacific Economy Corporation), whose focus is on protecting the child online, participated in this IGF to contribute to this discussion. She presented on a collaborative framework in youth protection online, and talked about some of the risks that the youth and children are exposed to online:
The following were some ways for reducing the online risk:
Ms Veronica Donoso from International Association of Internet Hotlines (INHOPE), started her presentation on asking who the next billion users are, and added that, it was dangerous to talk about that subject. She saod we cannot talk about the SDG 2020 target - providing connectivity, universal access, and affordable access to least developed countries, without considering potential risks. She expressed the following concerns:
She finally talked about InHOPE’s commitment in partnering stakeholders in helping to ensure the youth and children safety online; they have 53 hotlines and are present in 46 countries, and work with ISPs, NGOs, Interpol and Europol. INHOPE however, needs governments support to be able to set up hotlines in the countries.
Mr Arsene Tungali, Co-founder & Executive Director, Rudi International, presented on the realities regarding how Internet safety education has failed in his country, DR Congo. The country has a very low Internet penetration (3.6%), more people use WiFi through the mobile phones or hotspots, and cyber cafes to connect to the Internet, and the average price of data is 1%. Other challenging issues are access to electricity and Internet infrastructure. He also agreed with the collaborative efforts by families, churches, schools and the community can help ensure the youth and children stay safe online.
Mr Raymond Yang, Ambassador, NetMission.Asia, talked about how attitude matters when discussing this topic and also changing the style of educating teachers and students. He added however that, through the IGF, they can engage all stakeholders to come up with best ways to help the children and youth stay safe online.
Ms Shirley Wong, Hong Kong Youth, shared her experiences with her participation in the HKYIFG program.
The session ended with the following conclusions and recommendations:
by Ivy Hoetu, Internet Society Ghana