The 2013 report of the Group of Governmental Experts on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security "recognizes that the application of norms derived from existing international law relevant to the use of ICTs by States is essential to reduce risks to international peace, security and stability. The report recommends further study to promote common understandings on how such norms apply to State behaviour and the use of ICTs by States. Given the unique attributes of ICTs, the report notes that additional norms could be developed over time. The report reflects the Group’s conclusion that international law and in particular the United Nations Charter, is applicable and is essential to maintaining peace and stability and promoting an open, secure, peaceful and accessible ICT environment. The Group also concluded that State sovereignty and the international norms and principles that flow from it apply to States’ conduct of ICT-related activities and to their jurisdiction over ICT infrastructure with their territory; States must meet their international obligations regarding internationally wrongful acts attributable to them. The report contains recommendations on voluntary measures to build trust, transparency and confidence, as well as international cooperation to build capacity for ICT security, especially in developing countries."
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