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The Commonwealth is an organisation composed of 53 states from all continents, which have committed, through the Commonwealth Charter, to the development of free and democratic societies and the promotion of peace and prosperity to improve the lives of all peoples of the Commonwealth. 

Commonwealth's work focuses on six main areas: democracy, economic development, governance, small states, social development, and youth. This work is supported by a network of intergovernmental, civil society, cultural and professional organisations that are accredited by or associated with the Commonwealth.

The organisation has a Secretariat, which provides guidance on policy making, technical assistance and advisory services to Commonwealth member countries, supporting them in achieving sustainable, inclusive and equitable development.

The Commonwealth has recently been working on creating national legislative frameworks for virtual currencies, as well as on tackling cybercrime in its member countries. As an example, in May 2014, the law ministers of Commonwealth countries adopted a report on cybercrime, which includes several recommendations for the development of national strategies and enhanced coordination efforts in the area of cybercrime. A Commonwealth Cybercrime Initiative (CCI) was also built within the Commonwealth framework, with the aim to provide member states with capacity-building assistance in the area of cybercrime.

The Commonwealth represents the interests of member states at a variety of international fora. For example, it participates, through the CCI, in the International Telecommunication Union’s Child Online Protection Initiative. The Commonwealth Secretariat is also an observer on the Council of Europe’s Cybercrime Convention Committee.